Garnet is one of the gemstones which come in more than five colors. In gemstone industry, garnet family is largest and varied, with species ranging from the red colored almandite, pyrope to the emerald substitute green tsavorite and orange-reddish spessartite.

You are going to read about these in this article –
1. Why different garnet species come under this category?
2. Difference between pyrope and almandine garnet?
3. Difference between hessonite and spessartite?
4. Difference between almandine, pyrope, hessonite and seppessartite garnet?

rhodolite garnet

Garnet species are different in color but comes under one category, why?
Different garnets (Almandine, pyrope, tsavorite, spessartite, demantoid, grassularite and rhodolite) have common crystal structure but different chemical composition, that’s why all these are kept under one category.

Here are some basic sub division of garnets type based on color –
Almandine , Pyrope – Red Colored
Seppessartite and Hessonite – Orange- Red
Grassularite, Tsavorite – Green colored
Demantoid – Greenish- Gold
Rhodolite – Pink colored (Mixture of pyrope and almandite by compostion)

red garnet wholesaleorange garnetgarnet loose stone

Pyrope Garnet information

Pyrope Garnet Colour – It is also called “Indian Garnet”. This color of garnet comes dark red with red luster in small sizes but in big sizes this color goes black and does not look good. For example if you buy 7×5 ovals of pyrope garnet then you will get good color dark reddish but if you go for 15×8 Ovals pyrope then you will get blackish-red.

Pyrope Garnet Clarity and Lustre – Pyrope garnet comes inclusion free, so buyers should go for “eye clean” quality. Pyrope garnets have nice luster.

Pyrope Garnet Cut and Shape – This stones comes in vareity of shapes and cutting; faceted, cabochons etc.

Garnet loose stones

Pyrope Garnet treatment – Pyrope garnet is complete natural.

Almandine Color
Almandine garnet comes in pure red, orangish-red, browish-red. Deep red color in almandine is most valuable and most desired also.

Almandine Clarity, luster, cut and shape
Gem quality almandine garnet is semi transperent. Most of the almandine garnet rough come opaque and do not come in gem cut quality, mostly cabochons are made of this quality of garnet. In Almadine small to medium sizes are faceted and big sizes are cabochons, in this species some garnets cabocons can display star or asterism effect.

Almandine Treatment
This type of garnet is complete natural, not treated in any way.

Spessartite Colour

Color is  spessartite garnet is yellow to orange-red. Reddish-orange is most poplular color, sometimes also referred as “mandarin spessartite.

Spessartite Clarity, Lustre, cut and shape –
It comes with transperant to translucent and eye clean quality. It comes with high refreactive index and good luster. It is cut both in cut and cabochons. It comes more priced than almandine and pyrope garnet because it is more rarer than all above two.

Hessonite Color –

This comes in deep yellow and cinnamon brown color . This one is more higher in prices than spessartite, pyrope and almandine garnet. It come swith small honey colored inclsuions. Bright golden-orangish color is more popluar in this.

Hessonite Garnet Clarity, Luster, cut and shape –

In this type cushions, ovals are most common shapes, rounds, emerald cuts are also in run. This stone is transperent to opaque stone. Normally inclsuion of honey colored comes in this.

Hessonite Garnet Treatment –
This is complete natural, not any enhancement is implemented on this.

Difference chart between different species of garnet is here-

Also called Indian
Color Dark Red Orange-Red
Luster Fine less than
Fine  Fine
Hardness and
Ref. Index
 Good  Good  Good  Good
Can cut in
Faceted &
Faceted &
Faceted &